Nursing Theories and Theorists

Joyce Travelbee Nursing Theory: Human to Human Relationship Model

An overview of Joyce Travelbee’s nursing theory: Human to Human Relationship Model. About the nursing theorist: Joyce Travelbee Joyce Travelbee, born in 1926, was a psychiatric nurse, educator and writer. In 1956, she completed her Bachelor of Science degree in nursing education at Louisiana State University and her Master of Science Degree in Nursing from [...]

Imogene King: Theory of Goal Attainment

About the Theorist: Imogene King was born in 1923. She earned a diploma in nursing from St. John’s Hospital of Nursing of St. Louis, Missouri in 1945. While working as a staff nurse she also started a course work toward a Bachelor of Science in Nursing education, which she received from St. Louis University in [...]

Sister Callista Roy: Adaptation Theory

Biography: Sister Callista Roy is a prominent nurse theorist, writer, lecturer, researcher and teacher. She was born at Los Angeles on October 14, 1939 as the 2nd child of Mr. and Mrs. Fabien Roy.  She graduated from Mount St. Mary’s College, Los Angeles in 1963 where she earned a Bachelor of Arts with a major [...]

Jean Watson Nursing Theory: Philosophy and Science of Caring

Nurse theorist Jean Watson was born in West Virginia and was educated at BSN, University of Colorado, 1964; MS, University of Colorado, 1966; PhD, University of Colorado, 1973. Dr. Jean Watson is Distinguished Professor of Nursing and holds an endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center. She is founder [...]

Middle Range Theories in Nursing

Middle Range Theories in Nursing are the least abstract level of theoretical knowledge, they are known to have narrower and detailed focus compared to grand theories. These nursing theories are specific to nursing practice and specify the area of practice, age range of the patient, nursing action or intervention, and proposed outcome.  Emerge at the [...]

Virginia Henderson: 14 Basic Needs Nursing Theory

Virginia Henderson has been described as the first lady of nursing. An accomplished author, avid researcher and a visionary, she is considered by many to be the most important nursing figure in the 20th century. She was born in Kansas City, Missouri on Nov. 30, 1897, the fifth of eight children of Daniel B. and [...]

LYDIA ELOISE HALL: Care, Cure, Core Nursing Theory

Lydia Hall was born in New York City on September 21, 1906 and grew up in Pennsylvania. Graduated at York Hospital School of Nursing on1927, Bachelors in Public Health Nursing on 1932, and earns a Master of Arts degree in 1942 at Teacher’s College, Columbia University. She was an innovator, motivator, and mentor to nurses [...]

Hildegard Peplau: Theory of Interpersonal Relations

Hildegard Peplau was born in Reading, Pennsylvania [1909]. She graduated from a diploma program in Pottstown, Pennsylvania in 1931 and done BA in interpersonal psychology from Bennington College in 1943. She received her MA in psychiatric nursing from Colombia University New York in 1947 and EdD in curriculum development in 1953. Peplau became a professor [...]

Ida Jean Orlando Nursing heory

Ida Jean Orlando, a first-generation American of Italian descent was born in 1926. She received her nursing diploma from New York Medical College, Lower Fifth Avenue Hospital, School of Nursing, her BS in public health nursing from St. John’s University, Brooklyn, NY, and her MA in mental health nursing from Teachers College, Columbia University, New [...]

Florence Nightingale: Environmental Theory

Florence Nightingale 1820-1910, English nurse, the founder of modern nursing, b. Florence, Italy. Her life was dedicated to the care of the sick and war wounded. In 1844, she began to visit hospitals; in 1850, she spent some time with the nursing Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul in Alexandria; and a year later she [...]

Madeleine Leininger: Transcultural Nursing Theory

Madeleine Leininger (13 July 1925 in Sutton, Nebraska, U.S.) is a pioneering nursing theorist, first published in 1961. Her contributions to nursing theory involve the discussion of what it is to care. An international scholar, Madeleine Leininger’s vision has guided nurses and other health personnel in the discovery of a new body of nursing knowledge [...]

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