A Nursing care plan of Knowledge Deficit is used when there is a lack of cognitive information or psychomotor skills required for health recovery, maintenance, or health promotion. Teaching may take place in a hospital, ambulatory care, or home setting. The learner may be the patient, a family member, a significant other, or a caregiver unrelated to the patient. Learning may involve any of the three domains: cognitive domain (intellectual activities, problem solving, and others); affective domain (feelings, attitudes, beliefs); and psychomotor domain (physical skills or procedures). The nurse must decide with the learner what to teach, when to teach, and how to teach the mutually agreed-on content.
Example of Nursing Care Plan For Knowledge Deficit
Example Related Factors for Knowledge Deficit Nursing Care Plans:
- New diagnosis, procedure, treatment
- Complexity of treatment
- Cognitive/physical limitation
- Misinterpretation of information
- Decreased motivation to learn
- Emotional state affecting learning (anxiety, denial, or depression)
- Unfamiliarity with information resources
Assessment in Nursing Care Plans for Knowledge Deficit
- a deficiency in knowledge or skill
- Does not correctly perform a desired or prescribed health behaviour.
- Request information
- Lack of integration of treatment plans into daily activities.
- Expresses inaccurate perception of health status.
- Exhibits or expresses psychological alteration, (anxiety, depression) resulting from misinformation or lack of information.
Knowledge Deficit Nursing Care Plans: Key Outcomes
The patient will:
- Describe disease process, causes, factors contributing to symptoms.
- Describe procedure(s) for disease or symptom control.
- Identify needed alterations in lifestyle.
Intervention for Knowledge Deficit Nursing Care Plans:
1)Assess patient’s readiness to learn by assessing emotional response to illness.
- Other _____________________________________
2) Allow person to work through and express intense emotions prior to teaching
3) Examine patient’s health beliefs
4) Assess patient’s desire to learn
5) Assess preferred learning mode:
- One on one
6) Assess literacy level
7) Provide health teaching and referrals: _________________________________
8) Plan and share necessity of learning outcomes with patient – significant other
9) Evaluate patient – significant other behaviors as evidence that learning outcomes have been achieved: